This procedure allows exploration of the entire digestive tract, identifying inflammation, ulcers, bleeding or other lesions, with the possibility of performing diagnostic and therapeutic interventions, through dedicated devices.
This examination uses a flexible instrument called “endoscope” (use of different calibre and lengths depends on the area to be explored), equipped with micro-cameras that transmit the images to a screen.
With this technique it’s possible to perform small operations, such as tissue or polyp removal, dressing, and stopping a haemorrhage.
Among the therapeutic potential of digestive endoscopy we find:
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) is a special tissue removal technique using an endoscopic snare. It is considered a safe, effective and minimally invasive procedure for the removal of oesophageal, gastric and colorectal lesions.
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a surgical procedure that allows endoscopic treatment of lesions greater than 2c neoplastic and preneoplastic lesions of a flat or ses-sile nature with infiltration limited to the mucosal layer.
ESD is based on the use of dedicated devices that can perform a radical “surgical” resection by creating and incision in the mucosa and submucosa.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), a complex specialized technique that uses endoscopy to study bile ducts and pancreas in order to treat some of their diseases.
Endoscopic ultrasound is a diagnostic technique which combines an endoscopic approach with ultrasound vision, in order to provide important information on the condition of the various layers of the intestinal wall, of the adjacent organs and on benign and malignant sub-mucosal lesions (rare cancers that include GIST, leiomyomas, lipomas).